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Jingshi Expressway

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Jingshi Expressway Road Conditions
Roadworks at Jingliang Bridge and Liangxiang Airport Bridge.
Jingshi Expressway
Jīngshí Gāosù Gōnglù
京石高速公路
JingshiExpresswayGFDL
[[|160px]]DistanceMarkerJingshi
Road Numbering G030
Length 270 km
Route by political divisions Beijing, Hebei
Termini Liuliqiao, Beijing
Shijiazhuang, Hebei
Exits 32
Service areas 1 (Doudian)

The Jingshi Expressway (or Jingshi Freeway, as it was formerly known) is an expressway in China which links Beijing to Shijiazhuang. It is c. 270 km in length. Its road numbering is G030. It forms part of the Jingzhu Expressway (京珠高速公路), and has links to expressways bound for Macao and Hong Kong.

Opened in full in 1993, the expressway runs in a southwest direction, linking the capital of China with the capital of Hebei province.

The Jingshi Expressway gets its name by the combination of two one-character Chinese abbreviations of both Beijing and Shijiazhuang (Beijing -- Jing, Shijiazhuang -- Shi).

RouteEdit

Jingshi Expressway Wanping Bridge

The Jingshi Expressway at Wanping Bridge. (Late autumn 2004 image)

JingshiBeijingBoundary

The Jingshi Expressway enters the Beijing section near Liulihe. (Early 2005 image)

The expressway starts from Liuliqiao on the southwestern 3rd Ring Road, passes through the 4th Ring Road at Yuegezhuang, and then approaches a heavily industrialised area, the Xidaokou area near Shougang. On the way out of Beijing, one passes through the famous Luguoqiao area - home to the Marco Polo Bridge and Wanping, marking where the Sino-Japanese war began in 1937.

The Dujiakan toll gate (for the Beijing stretch) follows after a bridge crossing what used to be a vast Yongding River (永定河). (Sadly, it has now apparently dried up.) After the toll gate, the expressway links to roads connecting to Fangshan and Liangxiang satellite town. A link to the 6th Ring Road opened on December 20, 2004.

The expressway also links Beijing to the Zhoukoudian Peking Man cave, as well as Yunju Temple.

The Beijing portion of the expressway ends after the Liulihe exit (Exit No. 18). Before the Beijing portion ends, the Doudian Service Area appears. A toll gate follows just outside of city/municipality limits.

The Hebei portion of the expressway starts right before the Beijing South Toll Gate. As of the Hebei portion (strictly speaking, as of just before the Beijing portion ends), the expressway shrinks from 6 lanes (3 up, 3 down) to 4 lanes (2 up, 2 down). The large "lawn" in the middle of the expressway separate the two sets of carriageways going in different directions is no more as of the Hebei portion.

For more information see: Expressways Wiki: Jingshi Expressway (to come soon)

SafetyEdit

SafetyEdit

The section between Liuliqiao and Wanping is considered relatively safe; lighting is available at night. However, for the section between Zhaoxindian and Liulihe, the expressway has no lighting at night except for at some junctions. Additionally, resist the temptation to drive on the grass; there apparently is a deep cutting near the central reservation. At locations where the carriageways on the expressway pass over bridges, the location where the central reservation would be is replaced with emptiness; there have been cases of cars and lorries falling into the hidden holes. In September 2005, new, fortified metal barriers were erected before such bridges, thus preventing any future such incidents.
F02010ThreeLanes

Speed limits vary in different lanes.

HistoryEdit

JingshiFreewayOldSignGFDL

An old sign refers to the expressway as Jingshi Freeway.

Jingshi Expressway July 2004

The Jingshi Expressway before the 2005 roadworks and repair. (July 2004 image)

Central Jingshi Expressway

Jingshi Expressway near Zhaoxindian (Early July 2004 image - note no central barriers!)

CentralReservationJingshi

A continuous central reservation was finally put into place in July 2004. (Summer 2004 image)

ConstructionEdit

Claimed as the first completed expressway in mainland China, construction began in April 1986 and was completed in segments, culminating eventually in November 1993, although the Beijing section was opened around the start of the 1990s. The section from Liuliqiao through to Zhaoxindian was already opened in 1987, making it Beijing's very first expressway.

At first, the expressway had only two lanes per direction; a third lane was converted from a hard shoulder later in the 1990s.

By July 2004, the Beijing section was fully fitted with physical carriage separation facilities, making a U-turn on the expressway impossible.

News from September 2004 spread that the central toll gate at Beijing South/Zhuozhou would soon be expanded to twenty lanes instead of the current ten lanes. The current central toll gate is often home to traffic jams, as its size is way too small.

There will be a direct link to the expressway from Caihuying Bridge on the 2nd Ring Road through Fengbei Bridge.

AccidentsEdit

In early February 2004, a traffic accident occurred when a lorry driver, who was in the middle of repairing a tyre, was literally thrown into the middle of the road, as a result of a huge jet of air which came from the tyre change. The driver then was hit by an oncoming vehicle, causing a deadly casualty.

At around 5 AM on August 14, 2005, a light truck headed out of Beijing crashed into the central reservation in the Liangxiang stretch of the expressway and fell into a hole at a point where the expressway was suspended over a viaduct. On this expressway, the central reservation is not extended (like the carriageways) over a bridge; consequently, holes (where the central reservation used to lay) would lie in its place. The truck smashed into another vehicle which just happened to pass under the bridge at the time of the accident. One person from the truck died, and another person was severely injured. This kind of tragedy repeated itself at Doudian Bridge at around 4 AM on August 28, 2005, when a van carrying watermelons fell from a hole on the expressway into an empty space, causing an accident at Doudian Bridge. Two people were killed. [1] Since the incidents, metal barriers have been installed before the bridges, thus preventing such incidents in the future.

2005 RoadworksEdit

In April 2005, massive roadworks which would last into September 2005 began on the Jingshi Expressway. The main reason behind the roadworks: age. The Jingshi Expressway had archaic facilities which were incompatible with the Beijing of today. Most road facilities were too old, the road surface quality was deplorable, and the expressway showed every sign that major roadworks project was necessary. This was only natural for an expressway which was constructed as early as 1987.

Road conditions were mediocre to poor in some areas in the Beijing segment. Before this was rectified in July 2004, one of the oddest features of this expressway's Beijing segment was that, at times, there was no central physical structure -- not even a barrier -- to separate the carriageways running in opposite directions in the Beijing portion. (This made it potentially insecure in the case of a car crash from the carriageways running in the opposite direction, and made it possible to do a complete U-turn on the expressway -- something that's against the expressway management regulations.) Relief came by the end of July 2004, when the entire Beijing segment was fitted with a central barrier.

JingshiNewSignsInstalling

New road signs being installed (this one is at Jingliang Bridge).

Within the 5th Ring RoadEdit

The first stage involved roadworks from Liuliqiao (3rd Ring Road) through to Wanping (5th Ring Road). Roadworks are also present in the Xidaokou area, where several bridges are undergoing renovation or repairs.

As a result, this section of the Jingshi Expressway was closed to traffic daily from 22:00 until 6:00 (next day) from April 15 until July 3, 2005, when roadworks in this area finally concluded.

Outside of the 5th Ring RoadEdit

Dashihe Bridge Bauarbeit GFDL

Dashihe Bridge under repairs.

RoadworksA10041-A10006

Roadworks near the 6th Ring Road.

When the roadworks spread to the Dujiakan area, which housed the toll gate, the expressway temporarily suspended toll collection services. Roadworks have been completed in this area. Nevertheless, a huge traffic jam erupted on May 20, 2005, where traffic was stalled for 14 hours on end. [2]

Roadworks have been completed in the section heading out of Beijing. Most roadworks moved on to focus on repairing the stretch from Liulihe and outer Beijing through to Zhaoxindian. These roadworks continued until September 30, 2005.

For spraodic periods in July, August and September 2005, the stretch from the 6th Ring Road through to Dujiakan Toll Gate has been sealed off for incoming traffic to Beijing from 20:30-06:00 next day. Vehicles passing by were required to use the 6th Ring Road or the Jingbao Highway.

Dashihe Bridge near Liulihe was under road surface repairs. During the time of the roadworks, vehicles had to change to the other side of the road first, which, at times, precipated large-scale traffic jams.

DetoursEdit

JingshiMegaLongTrafficJam

A traffic jam breaks out on the Jingshi Expressway during rush hour while the 2005 roadworks were in full swing.

Significant traffic were expected and traffic jams often took place. Traffic were recommended to use the following bypass routes:

Exit RearrangementsEdit

Exit number 2 (Wanfeng Road) was officially made into an exit, and new exits appeared for Chengzhuang (exit number 4), Zhangyicun Road (exit number 5, heading out of Beijing), Fengbei Road (exit number 5, heading into Beijing) and Xidaokou (exit number 7, heading into Beijing). Dujiakan exit was finally signalled as exit number 9, and Doudian exit was renumbered exit 17 (instead of exit 17 for traffic heading into Beijing, and exit 16 for traffic leaving Beijing).

On July 20, 2005, a new offramp and exit appeared where the expressway now links with Jinxiu Road (exit number 16A).

Road ConditionsEdit

TollsEdit

JingshiExpwyDujiakanTollGate

Dujiakan Toll Gate.

The section southwest of the SW 5th Ring Road (Beijing) charges tolls. There are toll gates at Dujiakan (Beijing), South Beijing, and at Shijiazhuang.

For the expressway (apart from the 6th Ring Road), there is currently no networked toll system -- one pays upon entering a different jurisidiction. However, an IC-card system is, apparently, on the drawing board. Tolls are only networked with the 6th Ring Road in Beijing.

CNY 0.33/km for small passenger vehicles. Dujiakan - Beijing South: CNY 15.

Lanes (Beijing section)Edit

6 lanes (3 up, 3 down) uniformly. Exception: Dujiakan Toll Gate - Zhaoxindian has 4 lanes (2 up, 2 down). No emergency belt where there are 6 lanes. Otherwise, cars in need must be driven to the next emergency bay, of which are there are many along the way.

Surface Conditions (Beijing section)Edit

Vastly improved where roadworks have taken place. The section from Liuliqiao through Dujiakan is extremely smooth to drive on.

Traffic (Beijing section)Edit

Good. Smooth and flowing.

SignageEdit

[[Image:JingshiNewOldSigns.jpg|thumb|320px|Road signs were changed in 2005. The newer sign is to the back.]

Road signs were given a complete makeover with the 2005 roadworks. Virtually all signs were updated to conform with the national standards in place.

The new Jingshi Expressway is full of a myriad of traffic signs, some containing information on the next exit, and others just "advisory" signs warning people not to drive when drunk, not to chat on their mobile phones while driving, and not to dump things out of the window at will. Others warn of curves, and still others inform drivers of distances between the current spot and the next major cities.

There used to be only one or two locations on the expressway where drivers could test if they were driving too close (those areas marked with "confirm your distance". The roadworks added those, so now they appear more plentiful.

Doudian Service Area was finally given a name (the previous signs just mentioned "Service Area" in its place).

New electronic displays were installed too. On large displays mounted on gantries over the road, road conditions were displayed, and on smaller displays mounted by the side of the expressway, tips and hints on driving could be seen (e.g. don't drive too fast, drive carefully, etc...)

However, for history's sake, we maintain the section below as a hint of what used to appear on the expressway, signpost-wise.

Signpost OdditiesEdit

Jingshi Expressway Old Sign

Nonstandard/older sign (this sign is still standing today)

Jingshi Expressway Old Font

A mix of deformed numbers and nonstandard fonts

Before the 2005 roadworks breathed new life into the signposts, the Jingshi Expressway was home to a myriad of signpost oddities:

  • The exit number was shown at the bottom right hand corner of the exit sign, instead of being at the bottom left hand corner as is standard everywhere else on PRC expressways.
  • Road signs signalling the reduction of lanes used a previous, archaic and abandoned image.
  • Exit numbering was chaotic. Exits number 1 through 5 in the Beijing portion appeared before the Dujiakan toll gate. After that, the numbering was instantly raised to exits number 10 through 18. Following a switch of jurisdiction to Hebei, the numbering was reset and recommenced at zero. All other Chinese expressways use a numbering system which is uniform throughout the entire expressway and does not change or jump figures when toll gates, jurisdiction changes, etc... are passed through.
  • Signs indicating the overtaking lane, the carriageways and the hard shoulder were completely in Chinese characters in the Beijing segment (except for one single sign on the way out of Beijing).

Arabic numbers on the signposts, more often than not, appeared deformed or stretched.

The fonts in English were another problem. Older signs have English/Pinyin in very small type, which made them a real challenge to read. The problems were solved in late 2004, with most plates being replaced with newer signs which have English letters in much more legible type. (They were solved again with the 2005 roadworks).

Even as of late 2004, modernised and newer signs did exist. The entire exit number 15 (with the 6th Ring Road) used brand-new signs of the new standard that even indicate the level of the expressway and the expressway road numbering. The exit number is shown on the bottom left hand corner at this very exit.

Major Exits (Beijing)Edit

3rd Ring Road, 4th Ring Road, 5th Ring Road, Yancun, 6th Ring Road, Doudian

Service Areas (Beijing)Edit

Doudian Service Area exists between the Doudian and Liulihe Exits. Conditions are run-down but are awaiting a major overhaul in 2005.

Connections (Beijing)Edit

ExitsEdit

Symbols: ExitR = exit (NoAccess = closed), Interchange = main interchange; TollGate = central toll gate; ServiceArea = service area

Beijing → ShijiazhuangEdit

Beijing MunicipalityEdit

Exit # English/Pinyin Name (Bridge) Chinese Name (Bridge)
ExitR 22:35:28 +2 Service Road 辅路
ExitR 916 Wanfeng Road (Xiaojing Bridge) 万丰路 (小井桥)
Interchange 921 Western 4th Ring Road (Yuegezhuang Bridge)
(Interchange with the Western 4th Ring Road)
西四环 (岳各庄桥)
(西四环)
ExitR 932 Yongding Road, Chengzhuang Road, Yuquan Road (Dajing Bridge) 永定路, 程庄路, 玉泉路 (大井桥)
ExitR 943 Xidaokou, Zhangyicun Road 西道口, 张仪村路
Interchange 954 Wanping, 5th Ring Road (Wanping Bridge)
(Interchange with the Western 5th Ring Road)
宛平, 五环路 (宛平桥)
(西五环)
ExitR 961 Dujiakan Ramp 杜家坎匝道
TollGate Dujiakan 杜家坎收费站
ExitR 976 Zhaoxindian, Yungang (Zhaoxindian Bridge) 赵辛店, 云岗 (赵辛店桥)
ExitR 978 Changyang, Daxing (Jingliang Bridge) 长阳, 大兴 (京良桥)
ExitR 980 Liangxiang Airport (Liangxiang Airport Bridge) 良乡机场 (良乡机场桥)
ExitR 999 Fangshan, Yancun (Yancun Bridge) 房山, 阎村 (阎村桥)
Interchange 1004

  ExitR 1005
  ExitR 1006
6th Ring Road (Liyuan Bridge)
(Interchange with the Southwestern 6th Ring Road)
  Mentougou (W 6th Ring Road)
  Daxing (S 6th Ring Rd)
六环路 (梨园桥)
(西南六环)
  门头沟 (西六环)
  大兴 (南六环)
ExitR 1012 Jinxiu Road 锦绣路
ExitR 1017 Doudian, Jiaodao (Doudian Bridge) 窦店, 交道 (窦店桥)
ServiceArea Doudian 窦店服务区
ExitR 1024 Liulihe, Hancunhe (Liulihe Bridge) 流璃河, 韩村河 (流璃河桥)
Border with Hebei Province 河北省界
TollGate 1031 Beijing South 北京南站收费站

Shijiazhuang → BeijingEdit

Beijing MunicipalityEdit

Exit # English/Pinyin Name (Bridge) Chinese Name (Bridge)
TollGate Beijing South 北京南站收费站
Border with Beijing Municipality 北京市界
ExitR 18 Hancunhe, Nanshao, Liulihe (Liulihe Bridge) 韩村河, 南邵, 流璃河 (流璃河桥)
ServiceArea Doudian 窦店服务区
ExitR 17 Doudian, Jiaodao (Doudian Bridge) 窦店, 交道 (窦店桥)
Interchange 15 6th Ring Road (Liyuan Bridge)
(Interchange with the Southwestern 6th Ring Road)
六环路 (梨园桥)
(西南六环)
ExitR 14

  ExitR 14A
  ExitR 14B
(Yancun Bridge)

  Liangxiang
  Fangshan, Yancun
(阎村桥)

  良乡
  房山, 阎村
NoAccess 12 Liangxiangzhen, Liangxiang Airport (Liangxiang Airport Bridge) 良乡镇, 良乡机场 (良乡机场桥)
ExitR 11 Changyang, Daxing (Jingliang Bridge) 长阳, 大兴 (京良桥)
ExitR 10 Changxindian, Yungang (Zhaoxindian Bridge) 长辛店, 云岗 (赵辛店桥)
ExitR 9 Dujiakan (Dujiakan Bridge) 杜家坎 (杜家坎桥)
TollGate Dujiakan 杜家坎
Interchange 5th Ring Road (Wanping Bridge)
(Interchange with the Western 5th Ring Road)
西五环 (宛平桥)
(西五环)
ExitR 7 Xidaokou, Fengtai North Road (Xidaokou Bridge) 西道口, 丰台北路 (西道口桥)
NoAccess 5 Fengbei Road 丰北路
ExitR 4 Chengzhuang Road (Chengzhuang Bridge) 程庄路 (程庄桥)
Interchange 3

  ExitR 3A
  ExitR 3B
Western 4th Ring Road (Yuegezhuang Bridge)
(Interchange with the Western 4th Ring Road)
  4th Ring Road (Fengtai, Service Road)
  4th Ring Road (Fuxing Road, Zhongguancun)
西四环路 (岳各庄桥)
(西四环)
  四环路 (丰台, 辅路)
  四环路 (复兴路, 中关村)
ExitR 2 Wanfeng Road (Xiaojing Bridge) 万丰路 (小井桥)
Interchange 1 Liuliqiao Bus Station 六里桥公交枢纽


Beijing Expressways
Opened Expressways: Radial: Badaling (Jingda) | Jingcheng (Taiyanggong - Gaoliying) | Jingtong | Jingha | Jingshen | Jingjintang | Jingkai (Yuquanying - Yufa) | Jingshi (Jingzhu)

Circular: 5th Ring Road | 6th Ring Road (Xishatuan - Yanshan)
City-Airport: Airport

Expressways under construction: Radial: Jingbao | Jingcheng (Gaoliying - Chengde) | Jingping | Northern Jingjin | Jingkai (Yufa - Gu'an)

Circular: 6th Ring Road (Wenquan - Xishatun)
City-Airport: Northern Line

Projected Expressways: Radial: Southern Jingjin | Jingkai (Yufa - Gu'an)

Circular: 6th Ring Road (Yanshan - Wenquan)
City-Airport: 2nd Expwy

7 National Expressways: Jinghu | Jingtai | Jinggang'ao | Jingkun | Jingla | Jingwu | Jingha

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